Dhoni and Yuvraj ensure series lead

India 230 for 4 (Yuvraj 78, Dhoni 70 ) beat Australia 229 for 5 (Hussey 81*, Ponting 59, Watson 41) by six wickets

Sachin Tendulkar is run out by Mitchell Johnson, India v Australia, 3rd ODI, Delhi, October 31, 2009

 

Sachin Tendulkar was run out after a brisk 32 but Yuvraj Singh and MS Dhoni propelled India home with an 148-run partnership © AFP

 

Yuvraj Singh and MS Dhoni shared a serene 148-run stand to help India win a battle of attrition on a sluggish track and take a 2-1 lead in Delhi. Australia would perhaps rue the fact that they had settled for 229 when they batted.

“A total of 220 should be a good score on this pitch,” Ponting had said after winning an important toss and Australia’s approach while batting reflected his mindset. They did pick up three top-order wickets to leave India wobbling at 53 for 3 but Yuvraj and Dhoni knew that if they can bat through till the end they would always get past the line without having to take any risks. The wicket was slow and not conducive to stroke making but it was not a treacherous spin track where you could lose wickets in a clutch.

At the half-way mark of the chase the game was in a stalemate with India in consolidation mode at 101 for 3 but slowly but surely, India pulled away courtesy Yuvraj and Dhoni. They batted with a sense of self-restraint at the start of their knocks as they tried to settle in on this track where, as Michael Hussey showed earlier with a fine unbeaten 81, batting does tend to get easier the more you spend time on it.

They mainly dealt in singles and twos initially before Yuvraj pressed down on the accelerator in the 34th over with the equation reading 94 from 17 overs. He collected a flicked six and hit a gorgeous extra-cover drive off Moises Henriques before he repeated the sequence next over with a bludgeoned six over long-on and a square driven boundary against Adam Vogues. The momentum completely shifted after that and Yuvraj went on to indulge himself with several peachy drives. There would have been a moment of apprehension when he fell 29 runs short of the target but Dhoni ensured there wouldn’t be any drama with couple of crunchy blows.

Australia had earlier tried their best to apply the squeeze in the middle overs of the chase with the spin-seam combo of Nathan Hauritz and Doug Bollinger. The fast-improving Hauritz slowed his pace and punctuated his offbreaks with the one that went on with the arm. Interestingly, Dhoni chose to play Hauritz off the back foot while Yuvraj pressed forward. Bollinger, who replaced Ben Hilfenhaus, bowled a nagging line and length to strangle the batsmen. He varied his angles, going round the stumps on occasions, and slipped in quite a few cutters.

Peter Siddle, too, was economical and Australia’s bowling, in the absence of Brett Lee and a quality spinner, was as tight as Ponting could hope for but perhaps they had erred with their conservative estimate of a good total on this sluggish track. Once they decided not to play specialist opener Shaun Marsh, and possessing a thin middle-order inexperienced in such conditions, they were going to depend heavily on Ricky Ponting, Hussey and Shane Watson to reach a competitive total. Their approach seemed to indicate they were wary that a collapse was never too far away on a demanding surface. Ponting, who opened only for the second time in his 327-ODI career in Tim Paine’s absence, and Watson didn’t try anything fancy during a sedate but solid start before Hussey took charge of seeing Australia through to the finish.

Hussey’s innings was tailored to the situation. You don’t usually remember a stand-out shot from a Hussey innings. What strikes you is his total self-awareness of his own game with its limitations. Today, was no different. He played numerous little dabs and nudges, cut and swept whenever he could, and never got ahead of himself at any stage. He did play a reverse sweep against Yuvraj but it wasn’t a shot of flamboyance but one that exploited the gap in the field. He only hit three more boundaries – the first was a result of a misfield, the second came in the 48th over when he finally heaved one across the line and the highlight was the last, when he charged out to clatter Ashish Nehra over long-on in the 50th over.

Before Hussey played his characteristic innings, Ponting and Watson played uncharacteristic knocks to give the innings a steady start. With swing out of the question, the Indian seamers tried to win lbw decisions by bowling as straight as possible and the spinners slowed their pace and kept to an off and middle stump line. Ponting began cautiously, taking care to get his bat in front of the pads, and dealt in singles. Watson too batted in a similar vein and just when he was beginning to cut loose, he fell to Yuvraj after he was beaten by flight and turn and dragged his back foot out of the crease. Hussey came to Australia’s rescue with an assured knock but it didn’t prove enough to stop India from going ahead in the series.

Say cheese!

 SAY_CHEESE

WATCH WHAT YOU EAT: More sugar can mean more caries

One of the most common dental problems among children is dental caries (tooth decay). Not surprising given their love for chocolates, toffees and other sweetmeats. However, whether it’s milk teeth or permanent teeth, children need to be educated on the importance of caring for their teeth. .

Surrounded by children at an interactive programme organised by Colgate-Palmolive (India), V. Rangarajan, Prosthodontist and Implantologist, said: “Dental caries is a very common dental problem in children due to the consumption of a lot of sugary substances (the stickier the chocolate, the greater the damage). Sugar combines with bacteria in the mouth, and produces an acid that removes the enamel or de-mineralises the enamel, the strongest portion of the tooth. Once the enamel gets damaged or de-mineralised, it is prone to more attack, and the whole surface starts giving away, and decay starts.”

Ranjani Iyer, senior consultant, Apollo Hospitals, says: “Dental caries is also caused by delayed weaning from the feeding bottle, causing feeding bottle caries and improper brushing or no night brushing.”

Vital for growth

Underscoring the importance of protecting even milk teeth or primary teeth from caries, E. Manikandan, paediatric and special needs dentist, Rajan Dental Institute, says: “If a child has to grow well he / she has to eat well, for which a good set of teeth is needed. Research shows that children with severe early childhood caries have a risk of developing iron deficiency, which has a permanent effect on growth and development. Also, children with cavities in their primary teeth are most likely to have cavities in their permanent teeth.”

Says Dr. Rangarajan: “Milk teeth need to be around for a particular period of time for the permanent to erupt in the proper place. Milk teeth falling off too early (due to widespread decay, necessitating removal of teeth), affects permanent teeth erupting in the proper place. Milk teeth are also important for speech, chewing, swallowing, etc.”

Cautioning that untreated milk teeth caries may lead to tooth extraction, Dr. Ranjani points out that “premature loss of milk teeth can cause the permanent successors to erupt in an irregular manner.”

How do mothers keep children from eating too many toffees and chocolates, the culprits behind tooth decay?

Says Dr. Manikandan: “It is practically impossible to totally prevent children from eating toffees and chocolates, but you can advice them to not eat them too frequently, and have them before the meal rather than afterwards.”

Dr. Ranjani explains: “When chocolates are given just before a meal, chewing and increased salivary flow during the meal will cleanse the teeth of any sticky chocolate remnants.”

“Children mast understand that they can eat toffees and chocolates, but maintain their teeth. By age two, they should learn to brush morning and night or someone should do it for them. A little toothpaste will do to keep teeth clean, just as wiping with damp cotton or a piece of cloth will,” says Dr. Rangarajan.

KEEP CARIES AT BAY

Parents must follow good dental hygiene themselves

Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables such as apples, pears, carrots, cucumbers etc; and food rich in calcium and minerals (milk and milk products)

Rinse mouth after every meal and snack; brush twice daily

Bi-annual dental checkups are a must; change toothbrush every three months

Way to increase freshness of fruits, vegetables

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Washington,  (IANS) An innovative method developed by an American professor can help fruits and vegetables retain their freshness.

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Millions of tons of fruits and vegetables are dumped every year just because they are too delicate for handling or have a short shelf-life, says the US Department of Agriculture.

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The method devised by George Pierce, microbiology professor at Georgia State University (GSU), will allow fruits, vegetables and flowers to retain freshness for longer periods, making storage at room temperatures possible, bypassing refrigeration altogether.

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Climacteric plants like apples, bananas, peaches and tomatoes, respond to climactic change, producing increased levels of signalling compounds like ethylene.

In the case of peaches, ethylene causes them to ripen, increases aroma chemicals, but unfortunately, makes the peach very fragile. ‘If you’ve seen ripe peaches, they will simply fall apart,’ says Pierce.

‘It will lose 90 percent of its ability to resist pressure, which means that if a peach responds normally to ethylene, it is subject to bruising when you ship it,’ Pierce added.

Pierce’s method relies on a naturally occurring micro-organism, just the width of human hair, to activate enzymes that double the ripening period of fruits, vegetables and keeps flowers fresh.

This new process could have a big impact on preventing waste, improving the consumption of healthy fruits and vegetables, allowing companies to ship produce for longer distances.

The process does not involve genetic engineering or pathogens, but involves micro-organisms known to be associated with plants.

‘These beneficial soil micro-organisms serve essentially the same function as eating yogurt as a probiotic to have beneficial organisms living in the gastrointestinal system,’ Pierce said.

‘We change the diet of the organism, and we can change its performance,’ Pierce said. ‘It’s no different than taking a good athlete and putting them on a diet and exercise regime, and turning him or her into a world-class athlete.’

Indo Asian News Service

Unlocking mysteries of the brain with PET

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PET CT scan at Healthcare Global Entreprises Ltd., in Bangalore

 

Inflammatory response of brain cells-as indicated by a molecular imaging technique-could tell researchers more about why certain neurological disorders, such as migraine headaches and psychosis in schizophrenic patients, occur and provide insight into how to best treat them, according to two studies published in the November issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

According to a press release by EurekAlert, by using Positron Emission Tomography (PET)-a non-invasive molecular imaging technique-researchers were to able to identify neuroinflammation, which is marked by activated microglia cells (brain cells that are responsive to injury or infection of brain tissue) in patients with schizophrenia and in animal models with migraines. Although neuroinflammation has been shown to play a major role in many neurodegenerative disorders-such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease-only limited data exists about the role of neuroinflammation in schizophrenia and migraines. The two studies in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine are the first to identify neuroinflammation in specific regions of the brain-a development which could be used to effectively evaluate the treatment response to anti-inflammatory drugs and become transformative for diagnosis and care.

“This study shows that molecular imaging can play an important role in better understanding the processes involving psychiatric and other neurological disorders,” said Janine Doorduin, M.Sc., a researcher at the University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands and lead author of “Neuroinflammation in Schizophrenia-Related Psychosis: A PET Study.” Doorduin added, “Without molecular imaging, the only way to look at inflammation in the brain, as well as other molecular processes, would be to use post-mortem brains.”

Not much is known about the cause of schizophrenia-a chronic and disabling brain disease characterized by psychotic episodes of delusions and hallucinations. Previously, evidence from post-mortem studies suggested the presence of activated microglia cells in the brain. However, the results of those studies were inconsistent. Using PET imaging to non-invasively image the living brains of schizophrenic patients, researchers in the Netherlands were able to pinpoint the neuroinflammation to an exact location in the brain, called the hippocampus. Now, researchers can target the hippocampus for further study and evaluate therapeutic treatments that could improve the quality of life for patients living with schizophrenia.

Likewise, PET imaging is also useful for identifying neuroinflammation associated with migraines. In the article, “11C-PK11195 PET for the In Vivo Evaluation of Neuroinflammation in the Rat Brain After Cortical Spreading Depression,” researchers in Japan were the first to non-invasively visualize neuroinflammation in an animal model of migraine using a PET technique. Neuroinflammation is thought to be a key factor in the generation of pain sensation in migraine headaches. Observations from the study suggest that an inflammatory process may be involved in the pathologic state of migraines and that PET is a useful tool for evaluating the neurogenic inflammation in vivo.

“For physicians and patients, it is important to develop an objective method for the diagnosis of migraines and monitor therapeutic efficacy,” said Yi-Long Cui, Ph.D., a researcher at the RIKEN Center for Molecular Imaging Science in Kobe, Japan, and lead author of the study. “The present study will bring about these possibilities to us since the PET probe used in the paper has already been applied to patients in other diseases.”

Radhakrishnan is new ISRO chief

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K. Radhakrishnan (right), after assuming office as Chairman, Indian Space Research Organisation on Oct. 31, 2009, handing over a traditional lamp to the outgoing ISRO chief, G. Madhavan Nair

 

K. Radhakrishnan, Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram, took over as Chairman, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), from G. Madhavan Nair on Saturday. Dr. Radhakrishnan also assumed office as Chairman, Space Commission and Secretary, Department of Space. He has 38 years of experience in space technology, applications and space programme management. He graduated in Electrical Engineering from Kerala University and obtained his MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore. He received his Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur in 2000. He has been a Member of the Space Commission from October 2008.

Sixty-year old Dr. Radhakrishnan began his career when he joined the VSSC as an avionics engineer in 1971. Since then, he has held several posts such as Project Director for setting up Regional Remote-sensing Service Centres, Director of Budget and Economic Analysis for ISRO and Mission Director of Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development. He has had a short stint in the Ministry of Earth Sciences in 2004-2005 as the founder Director of Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) and first Project Director of Indian National Tsunami Warning System. From 2005 to 2008, he was Director, National Remote-Sensing Agency, Hyderabad, which has now been renamed National Remote-Sensing Centre (NRSC).

When Dr. Radhakrishnan was Director, VSSC from 2007 to 2009, there were five successful launches of ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), which totally put 20 spacecraft including Chandrayaan-1 into orbit.

During the tenure (September 2003 to October 2009) of outgoing ISRO Chairman, G. Madhavan Nair, there were 25 successful launch vehicle and spacecraft missions. The highpoint of his career was ISRO putting Chandrayaan-1, India’s first scientific mission to the moon, into orbit on October 22, 200

PTI reports from Thiruvanthapuram

Avionics expert K. Radhakrishnan today took over as the Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from G. Madhavan Nair here.

A highly respected scientist with 35 years of experience in ISRO, 60-year-old Dr. Radhakrishnan has played a key role in many of the country’s space projects, including Chandrayaan—I.

“It is with high hopes and great expectations that I am taking over this responsibility. It is a huge task that has been entrusted on me. I am confident that we will be able to achieve our goals with the dedicated work and support of the entire team of ISRO,” he said after assuming charge.

Before his elevation as ISRO chief, Dr. Radhakrishnan was the Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC).

He joined the organisation in 1973 shortly after graduating in Electronic Engineering. He later pursued MBA from IIM Bangalore and a doctorate from IIT, Kharagpur.

He had served as Director, Regional Remote Sensing Service Centres, Director of Budget and Economic Analysis, Project Director of Early Warning System of Tsunami and Storm Surges.

Hailing from Irinjalakkuda in Thrissur district of Kerala, Dr. Radhakrishnan is also a keen enthusiast of classical arts and music. An ardent Kathakali fan, he had occasionally performed the dance, taking time off his busy schedule.

Meanwhile, senior ISRO scientist, P. S. Veeraraghavan, assumed charge as Director of VSSC.

Mr. Veeraraghavan had played an important role in major Indian space projects like PSLV and GSLV.

He has served ISRO in various capacities as director of Inertial Guidance Systems and Deputy Director of Mechanisms and Vehicle Integration at VSSC.

Don’t press send

Mumbai,  — We’ve all done it: sent an email or a text to someone, we didn’t intend to. Or received an email or text clearly not meant for us. Maybe we sent it to our boss, a client, a teacher or a friend. The problem is at times the person we are writing about dominates our mind so much that we accidentally send the email or text about them. To them. Then we are left to stand in shock, wanting the earth to swallow us up, especially if that person happens to be our teacher or boss. Well, now Gmail has come up with a way to stop us from doing this. Gmail Labs is a testing ground for new features Gmail wants to try out with the public. Its latest feature is called “Got the wrong Bob?” This is how it works – if you normally email your friend Riddhi Gaya together with Vikas and Hitesh, but you suddenly add Riddhi Chowdhury instead, Gmail will warn you that it might be a mistake. Because while Riddhi Gaya might be your school friend, Riddhi Chowdhury could be your boss. So, based on the groups of people you email most often, Gmail tries to identify when you’ve accidentally included the wrong person, before it’s too late. One thing to bear in mind is that this only works if you’re emailing more than two people at once.

The feature is currently in Gmail Labs, but if a lot of people like it, they will make it a standard feature, he adds. “It’s simply another way of reducing potential embarrassment while communicating by email so that your emails always remain courteous and professional,” he adds.

Hindustan Times

Now, smartphone games to help diabetic older adults manage health

Washington,  (ANI): Scientists from Saint Louis University and Old Dominion University in Virginia have developed smartphone games that would help elderly diabetics manage their health and learn more about their condition.

The novel smartphone technology includes interactive games and easy-to-use logging features, especially for elderly Chinese diabetics.

It enables diabetics to track their blood glucose, weight, diet, exercise, mood and blood pressure – valuable information that will assist their doctors in providing the best care possible.

Initial study results of the interactive diabetes self-management system, called the Chinese Aged Diabetic Assistant (CADA) have been promising.

“We know that patients with chronic illnesses who are actively involved in their health care have better outcomes, yet this can be a challenging task,” said Dr Maggie Jiao Ma, assistant professor at SLU’s Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology.

“Mobile technologies can empower elderly people to better understand diabetes, track their health indicators more closely and follow a healthier lifestyle,” she added.

The games vary in purpose. For example, researchers created a “food pyramid” type game, which encourages gamers to eat a balanced diet, limit high-sugar foods and watch their daily intake of fat and salt.

Applications including a trivia game and a tile matching game, in which gamers connect the necessary components for a healthy lifestyle, were popular educational choices among the test group.

While games engage and motivate the patients, smartphones makes the technology convenient.

First, smartphones are mobile, meaning patients can use them at any time or any place.

They can be used as small, inexpensive computers even if no network infrastructure is in place. If connections are in place, smartphones make it easy for patients to share health information with their providers, care givers and others within personal network.

Also, because many users are already mobile phone owners, including some smartphone users, adapting the technology is feasible for patients, providers and hospitals.

“Imagine walking into a McDonalds and having your cell phone recognize your location and make healthy menu recommendations – all this and more is possible with smartphone technology,” said Dr Mark Gaynor, associate professor of public health at the School of Public Health. (ANI)