A/H1N1 flu virus is not highly pathogenic: Experts

The swine flu virus is not highly pathogenic on the basis of its characteristics and mortality rate, experts have pointed out.

“The molecular-biological characteristics of the virus and the clinical forms of the disease and the mortality rate do not typify the new virus as highly pathogenic,” experts from Russian Health and Social development Ministry’s commission for flu vaccines and diagnostic strains said.

“Nevertheless, we continue to work on the vaccine, and the work is about to end,” head of World Health Organisation (WHO) National Flu Center Oleg Kiselyov said.

The commission has also suggested for additional research of biological materials and experimental series of the vaccine before starting the clinical tests expected to begin by early September on volunteers.

Around 150 volunteers are expected to take part in the project.

“Most of them are young men, from 18 years up, selected by their health status,” a source at the Flu Institute said.

“The massive production of the vaccine will start in November, before the seasonal increase of the regular cold and flu rate in the country. The first Russians will be inoculated against the new flu on October 1,” Kiselyov said.

Russia will produce 40 million doses of A/H1N1 flu vaccine by the end of this year, Chief Public Health Official Gennady Onishchenko said.

The new vaccine will be manufactured in Ufa, Irkutsk and St Petersburg, Onishchenko said, adding 22 million doses of the new vaccine will be produced next year.

Think of Your Poor Feet

.Jean-Paul Pelissier/Reuters

In Brief:

Huge numbers of people develop foot pain in their 60s, but it can start as early as the 20s and 30s.

Excessive weight, diabetes and circulation problems can contribute to foot pain.

Proper footwear and regular exercise can play a crucial role in preventing foot problems.

The average person walks the equivalent of three times around the Earth in a lifetime. That is enormous wear and tear on the 26 bones, 33 joints and more than 100 tendons, ligaments and muscles that make up the foot.

In a recent survey for the American Podiatric Medical Association, 53 percent of respondents reported foot pain so severe that it hampered their daily function. On average, people develop pain in their 60s, but it can start as early as the 20s and 30s. Yet, except for women who get regular pedicures, most people don’t take much care of their feet.

“A lot of people think foot pain is part of the aging process and accept it, and function and walk with pain,” said Dr. Andrew Shapiro, a podiatrist in Valley Stream, N.Y. Though some foot problems are inevitable, their progress can be slowed.

The most common foot conditions that occur with age are arthritic joints, thinning of the fat pads cushioning the soles, plantar fasciitis (inflammation of the fibrous tissue along the sole), bunions (enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe), poor circulation and fungal nails. The following questions will help you assess whether you should take more preventive action as you age.

Are you overweight? The force on your feet is about 120 percent of your weight. “Obesity puts a great amount of stress on all the supporting structures of the foot,” said Dr. Bart Gastwirth, a podiatrist at the University of Chicago. It can lead to plantar fasciitis and heel pain and can worsen hammertoes and bunions. It’s also a risk factor for diabetes, leading to the next question.

Are you diabetic? Being farthest from the heart, the feet can be the first part of the body to manifest complications like poor circulation and loss of feeling, both of which can lead to poor wound healing and amputation. Diabetics should have their feet examined annually by a doctor and avoid shoes that cause abrasions and pressure.

Do you have poor circulation? If you suffer from peripheral artery disease — a narrowing of veins in the legs — your feet are more susceptible to problems, said Dr. Ross E. Taubman, president of the American Podiatric Medical Association. Smoking also contributes to poor circulation.

Do your parents complain about their feet? Family history is probably your biggest clue to potential problems.

Do you have flat feet or high arches? Either puts feet at risk. A flat foot is squishy, causing muscles and tendons to stretch and weaken, leading to tendinitis and arthritis. A high arch is rigid and has little shock absorption, putting more pressure on the ball and heel of the foot, as well as on the knees, hips and back. Shoes or orthotics that support the arch and heel can help flat feet. People with high arches should look for roomy shoes and softer padding to absorb the shock. Isometric exercises also strengthen muscles supporting the foot.

Are you double-jointed? If you can bend back your thumb to touch your lower arm, the ligaments in your feet are probably stretchy, too, Dr. Gastwirth said. That makes the muscles supporting the foot work harder and can lead to injuries. Wear supportive shoes.

Do your shoes fit? In the podiatric association’s survey, more than 34 percent of men said they could not remember the last time their feet were measured. Twenty percent of women said that once a week they wore shoes that hurt, and 8 percent wore painful shoes daily. Feet flatten and lengthen with age, so if you are clinging to the shoe size you wore at age 21, get your feet measured (especially mothers — pregnancy expands feet).

Do you wear high heels? “The high heel concentrates the force on the heel and the forefoot,” Dr. Gastwirth said. Heels contribute to hammertoes, neuromas (pinched nerves near the ball of the foot), bunions and “pump bump” (a painful bump on the back of the heel), as well as toenail problems. Most of the time, wear heels that are less than two and a half inches high.

Do your feet ever see the light of day? Fungus thrives in a warm, moist environment. Choose moisture-wicking socks (not cotton), use antifungal powders and air out your toes at home.

Have you seen a podiatrist? Minor adjustments, using drugstore foot pads or prescription orthotics, can relieve the pressure on sensitive areas, rebalance the foot and slow the progress of a condition.

Do you walk? Putting more mileage on your feet is the best way to exercise the muscles and keep them healthy.

Important Information for Swine Flu Treatment in Hyderabad

The Union Government has identified the Govt. General and Chest Diseases Hospital, Erragadda as the facility in Hyderabad for testing, isolation and critical care of suspected/confirmed swine flu patients. The Hyderabad Airport Limited has set up a screening facility at the Hyderabad International Airport for all the inbound passengers flying into the country to prevent the spread of H1N1. Doctors from the Hospital are round the clock screening the passengers at the Airport.

Govt. General and Chest Diseases Hospital, Erragadda , Hyderabad
Hospital Helpline Number – 040-23814939

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Makeup Lesson : The Foundation of Good Mak

There’s no going about it the quick way. If you want a great made-up face, you’ve got to start at the base.

Granted that you have made your makeup purchases with your skin tone and desired look in mind, you should not have any trouble going through with the makeup application. There are many ways to do it. However, I will be sharing a routine that is commonly done, simply because it would be easier to add or subtract, even tweak, your own elements into it.

We start with the base – which is the application of foundation. There are those who protest that having good skin can eliminate the need to apply foundation. That is all well and good – but if you plan to put on blush and eye color, even contour your face, I must warn you that it won’t glide on as smoothly without foundation. There is a reason why it’s called a base. And need I remind you what can happen to various products on the face when you start sweating or getting whipped about in the wind? A good foundation – and it doesn’t even have to be a heavy application, could even be a more long-lasting pressed powder – blends everything in and helps hold everything in place long after you’ve finished with your makeup application.

Before beginning, make sure that the shade you have exactly matches you skin. If not, you can mix two shades to get the exact shade you want. This is easier done with liquid foundation. Have a plastic makeup palette and small makeup spatula on hand for this. To save time, ask the makeup consultant in the makeup counter what shades you can mix, so that you won’t be experimenting too much when you’re on your own. Better let the consultant know as well if you are acidic (somehow, the face powder that’s supposedly in your shade turns dark minutes after you apply it) so that she can give you (or mix for you) a shade that’s one shade lighter than your skin tone.

To start, have your cake, cream, or liquid foundation at hand, as well as the necessary tools – sponges, wedges, or liquid foundation brush – needed to apply it. As a rule, get only a small amount of product. It would be better to add on as needed rather than attempt to smudge a fraction of the product off when you realize you have overestimated. Start applying over the forehead, then the eyes, under the eyes, the cheeks, the chin area, and then the undersides of the jaw and around the neckline. It simply won’t look good if your face is a different color than your neck, after all.

Whether through the use of a sponge or brush, apply in gentle, light, circular motions. This will settle in the product well, and will ensure that you cover all the areas. While you may later on apply the other makeup products in rapid succession, make sure that you take your time in applying foundation. Do not rush, and make sure that you are making an even application.

Makeup Lesson: Setting Your Priorities

Approach your makeup purchases as you would any other product: research, look around, canvass, and be practical!

Once prompted and prodded in the right direction, women who’ve somehow gotten excited over makeup tend to get too excited. There are still the practicalities to think about. And before you start scowling at getting all worked up then being asked to slow down, planning your makeup kit before rushing in and buying everything that looks too nice to pass up will save you a lot of money and disappointment. As with everything else, canvass. Not just from mall stores, but also online ones. Great deals are out there if only you’d look for it.

And not only that – make sure that you do a skin test for the brands that you’re eyeing. It just wouldn’t do for you to buy their entire line only to find out that you’ll break out into rashes within minutes of applying their products on. Go to the makeup counters, and apply a bit of what you plan to purchase on the inside of your wrist, or the inner part of your upper arm, or on the underside of your jaw. These are sensitive areas. If ever you would expect to see some reaction, it would be from these locations. Wait twenty-four hours before you decide to purchase.

The tools:

Before you buy the products, make sure you have the tools used to apply them on your skin. A great makeup brush set will come a long, long way. These, oftentimes, will consist of a foundation brush, a powder brush, a blush brush, a concealer brush, a lip color applicator, three sizes of eye color brush (one for the brows, one for the lids, and one for contouring), a brow brush (one that comes with a comb) and a mascara wand. At first, you’ll be overwhelmed at the sheer number of brushes, but as you learn to apply makeup and start experimenting, you’ll appreciate the precision and accuracy by which you can wield these tools. This brush set need not be expensive. Just opt for the ones made of sable or sturdy synthetic materials. Examine the handles well. Are they easy to grip? Will they still look good after several washings? Opt for a set with black or white handles. These ones age well, and will not show too much wear and tear through the years, with proper care.

Drugstore or designer brands?

Be honest about your budget. Would you really want to blow away one makeup set’s worth of money just to be able to purchase a high-end designer-brand makeup palette that you couldn’t wait to show off but would leave you with no room to experiment? Opt for a good drugstore brand as a start. The reason why testing is recommended is so that you can see for yourself (well, beyond the no-allergies test) how long the product can stay on your skin without fading after being exposed to wind, sun, and perspiration.

Makeup Lesson : The Must Have Prod

Too many products whirling around your head? Let’s break it down to the basics.

Versatility is one of the key features of today’s makeup products. You want a certain look, you can definitely have it. From the no-makeup makeup to the seductive siren to the glam-fab looks of today’s magazine covers, there’s a look that’s bound to suit everyone’s skin type, tone, face shape, and personal preference.

Flip through some magazines and look for certain looks that you like. Gone are the days when this and that color are only “suited” to certain skin types. If you find a look that you think will suit you, and you find that you’ll be comfortable with it, by all means – go for it. Just like trying on clothes at the mall, you’ll never really know what you’ll feel comfortable in until you’ve tried it on. Don’t hesitate to go over to the makeup counters. There’s a wide array of products to choose from, and trying them on are free!

Foundation – comes in a wide range of shades and also comes in powder, liquid, and cream form. Used as a base, and one of the first products you apply, foundation evens out the skin and covers the less challenging blemishes. Can be applied using a liquid foundation brush or a makeup sponge.

Concealer – Usually comes in liquid or cream form. This product is marvelous in covering those pesky blemishes and making them blend with your natural skin tone. There are specific concealers which can be used to hide eye bags and uneven skin tone around the area. Works with a concealer brush, especially for spot applications.

Eye shadows and pencils – Used to put color on and/or around the eye area. Brighter ones help to illuminate and lighten, while darker ones contour and bring focus to certain parts of the eye, even bring out its color beautifully. Comes in power, liquid, pencil, and cream form, and can be applied several ways.

Blush – A product that comes in varying shades of pinks, reds, and oranges. Can be used on the hollows or apples of the cheeks and gives definition to the cheekbones and side of the face. This product can bring out a more angular look, or can merely be used to put a spot of “healthy” glow to a normally pale face.

Mascara – Applied on the upper and/or bottom lashes of the eyes. This product, when used properly, elongates and thickens the strands of hair so that they frame and accentuate the eyes nicely. A wide range of mascara types are out in the market, some more basic than others, others which can “volumize” and “lengthen” the lashes. It comes in liquid form, in a variety of colors.

Lipstick and lip liners – Gives color to the lips, whether to emphasize the contours or to curb the shape into a thinner appearance. The lipstick and lip liners work in great tandem to highlight your lips into how you want it to look for every given occasion.

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Makeup Lesson : Good Skin Versus Makeup

Who says who can or cannot put on makeup? Feeling a bit drab with your flawless skin? Time to get creative!

There are those who will say that good skin requires no makeup. After all, what is there to conceal when your face is already flawless? While there is no arguing that going au naturel has its own appeal, it may not be appropriate at all times.

Even a good skin needs makeup

Can you really imagine going to a formal evening occasion barefaced? If there is photography involved, how exactly will your pale cheeks and even paler lips look when lighting hits it to be captured for all eternity? You see, women eventually get to realize that they have a natural “angle,” that side where you know you’ll naturally look good. You know this side. You’ve turned this way and that in the mirror observing this part of your face, and have decided that it’s at this front that you look best.

At some point, you’re going to acknowledge that all of us have a natural angle, and would naturally want to project it, especially on days when we’re having bad anything (hair, clothes, weight) days. Makeup helps us in projecting and highlighting our best sides, flawless skin or not. Heck, even supermodels have acknowledged that they have good and bad angles, and have maximized it for their profession. Why shouldn’t we adapt a bit of optimism ourselves? To presuppose that makeup is just there to conceal our flaws would be downright narrow-minded, and this is not even mentioning the fact that you are missing out a lot on jazzing yourself up and being creative with your looks.

Makeup is such a diverse world. It’s a culture all on its own. Before you venture into it, though, you must set your sights on what exactly you’ll be doing with its products.

Do you want to make yourself over?
Have you been feeling bored with your looks and want a variation?
Do you want your overall look to complement your outfits and reflect your moods?
Are there skin imperfections that you want to conceal?
Are you just plain curious about how makeup would look on you?

Good news! All of these probable goals can be met by experimenting with makeup. Welcome to a fun world, where there are very basic rules – most of which can be broken, reinvented, and redefined in the name of personal artistry! With the latest crops of makeup artists and even more makeup products, almost every look you might want to go for is doable, and you’re going to have a very enjoyable time attempting to do so.

Here’s where good skin comes in. If you are the wake-up-and-dash-out-the-door type, spending a lot of time concealing those blemishes will add a lot to your makeup routine. Before venturing into makeup, try to consult a dermatologist first so that you can deal with any “emergency” situations. If you’re in a rush, however, there are many hypoallergenic products out there. And soon, enter stage left – your new best friend – the concealer!

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