Makeup Lesson : Why Should I Put on Makeup, and When?

You’re pretty much a late bloomer in makeup and makeup application. If you’ve missed out on this very essential part of a woman’s experimentation, here’s how you can hope on and spruce up with the best of them.

You’ve always been the au naturel kind of girl and you’ve never felt the need to dress up in any other way than in your usual keep-it-simple approach to life. Surely, you’ve experimented with a lip gloss or two, and there was your prom night in high school, but that pretty much sums up your “glamorizing” history. College kept you pretty busy and you hung out with a laid back crowd who mostly studied and gallivanted around campus in comfy clothes and even barer faces, so you never needed to splurge on your appearance the way other girls (obsessively, in your opinion) used to do.

But along comes corporate life, and you figured out that there are times when you really need to keep up with the times appearance-wise. Between the usual meet-and-greet power meetings with clients and speed-dating you’ve been doing, you’ve bought some outfits to spruce up your wardrobe to reflect who you are. You didn’t stop there. You bought some accessories for times when you felt you wanted to dress down but have several key pieces to highlight your ensemble. You have even ventured into buying jewelry for more formal occasions, and found them to be good investments as well.

With the way things are going, it’s no wonder that you were eventually led to a path that leads smack to makeup. At some point, experimenting with fashion to redefine who you are will make you wonder how you can also emphasize your facial features, as well as conceal marks brought on by stress and key components in your physical environment.

Here is where you feel the road stopped, however. You have finally been intrigued into venturing into the cosmetic world, yet you have no clue on where and how to start. This is perfectly understandable. If you haven’t been listening to your girlfriends gabbing in the past, then it’s truly easy for you to get lost in this world. For starters, there are more makeup brands than ever before. You’ve also got the suitability to think about. Do you want to wear makeup during the day – at the office or for a simple day event, at night – for the occasional date or office dinner, or for special events such as weddings, formal evening parties, and such?

And then, there are the tools to think about. What should you buy? What can wait for another time? Should you buy from just one particular brand or buy several pieces from different ones and mix them up? And how do you even know what brands to buy?

Before your head starts spinning, however, here is a most practical approach to plunging into the very, very old art of makeup artistry: read about it and dip your hands (with colorful makeup pallete) on it!

IPM gets swine flu test kit

Students and employees participating a swine flu awareness rally in Jubilee Hills on Monday.

HYDERABAD: Providing treatment to the patients of swine flu at corporate and private hospitals in the twin cities might take time longer than promised.The State Government has decided to involve p r i v a t e hospitals in checking the A(H1N1) influenza that has reportedly claimed a few lives and affected several hundred persons across the State as the government hospitals in the capital, the chest hospital in particular, are unable to cope with the rush. It has been decided to allow corporate hospitals to test and treat patients for swine flu provided they have the capacity to do so.Speaking to Expresso, District Medical and Health Officer, Hyderabad, Jaya Kumari said that corporate hospitals which wanted to treat swine flu patients had to follow the norms and guidelines stipulated by the Union Ministry of Health and the World Health Organisation (WHO). They should comply with the guidelines which include creation of isolation wards, having separate paramedical staff and doctors, and separate out-patient departments and wards, she said.“We are going to send the guidelines to corporate hospitals soon on establishing the isolated wards for treating the swine flu cases. A meeting with corpoare and private hospitals is going to be held on August 20 on establishing isolation wards’’ she said.Already two corporate hospitals have come forward to treat swine flu cases as they have established separate wards. The authorities would inspect and gauge the clinical capability of these hospitals to know whether they have been established as per the guidelines or not.Involving corporate hospitals would ensure availability of additional diagnostic capacity for testing for this influenza, she said. However, people will have to pay for the tests and treatment provided at private hospitals. A test, that is done free of cost at government hospitals, may cost between Rs 10,000 and 15,000 at private hospitals.At present, samples of throat swab and others are sent to Delhi and Pune for testing as the State lacks diagnostic facilities.According to Jaya Kumari, the latest diagnostic equipment for testing swine flu cases has arrived at the Institute of Preventive Medicine (IPM) at Narayanguda in the city. Hereafter, all the samples handed by the government hospitals will be tested at the IPM instead of being sent to Pune or Delhi.Currently, only government-run medical institutions are allowed to handle swine flu cases.

DMHO to intensify drive against swine flu

With the swine flu scare gripping the city, surgical masks have come into great demand.

HYDERABAD: Even as the authorities have begun to issue notifications and visual displays through Hyderabad about swine fu and its effects and methods of prevention, there have been no end to queries about suspected cases with district health officials. In this connection, a number of developments have come to pass at the Hyderabad district administration. While the push for extending the scope in the process of screening swine flu cases has seen the State extend the number of nodal centres, the district health authorities may be considering roping in private players if the crisis escalates.Planned across two phases, the intensification drive would see the department bring out pamphlets and visual media for raising awareness levels at the local level, while training programmes for doctors and lab technicians are presently under way. Officials at the District Medical HealthOffice (DMHO) indicate that it is currently in the process of negotiating the inclusion of private and corporate hospitals in dealing with patients suspected of having contracted the disease. “Along with giving out guidelines on maintaining isolation wards for suspected cases, the department will be embarking on the issue of verification of existing facilities in private centres and then moving the matter ahead for necessary permissions,” revealed a senior official at the Hyderabad District Medical Health Department. Guidelines would be issued to not only the bigger corporate hospitals but also to smaller establishments like nursing homes, provided they have adequate facilities, space and equipment to handle suspected cases. In this regard, the necessary talks with the Institute of Preventive Medicine (IPM) will commence shortly.Incidentally, officials further revealed that the Department will be roping in the GHMC for stepping up the existing awareness programme on swine flu at the circle level. “Awareness drives will likewise be conducted in this regard, under the directions of the GHMC Commissioner, to intensify the drive to educated people about the disease,” officials said. The department “is prepared to handle a possible increase in the number of swine flu victims,” officials claimed. The present move is being viewed as a strategy to offload the load on the Nodal Centre for Swine Flu at the Chest Hospital at Erragadda.

Background of swine flu (Novel H1N1 Flu)

World Health Organization (WHO) signaled that a global pandemic of novel influenza A (H1N1) was underway by raising the worldwide pandemic alert level to Phase 6. This action was a reflection of the spread of the new H1N1 virus, not the severity of illness caused by the virus. At the time, more than 70 countries had reported cases of novel influenza A (H1N1) infection and there were ongoing community level outbreaks of novel H1N1 in multiple parts of the world.

Since the WHO declaration of a pandemic, the new H1N1 virus has continued to spread, with the number of countries reporting cases of novel H1N1 nearly doubling. The Southern Hemisphere’s regular influenza season has begun and countries there are reporting that the new H1N1 virus is spreading and causing illness along with regular seasonal influenza viruses. In the United States, significant novel H1N1 illness has continued into the summer, with localized and in some cases intense outbreaks occurring. The United States continues to report the largest number of novel H1N1 cases of any country worldwide, however, most people who have become ill have recovered without requiring medical treatment.

Given ongoing novel H1N1 activity to date, CDC anticipates that there will be more cases, more hospitalizations and more deaths associated with this pandemic in the United States over the summer and into the fall and winter. The novel H1N1 virus, in conjunction with regular seasonal influenza viruses, poses the potential to cause significant illness with associated hospitalizations and deaths during the U.S. influenza season.

A Virus Emerges

Novel influenza A (H1N1) is a new flu virus of swine origin that first caused illness in Mexico and the United States in March and April, 2009. It’s thought that novel influenza A (H1N1) flu spreads in the same way that regular seasonal influenza viruses spread, mainly through the coughs and sneezes of people who are sick with the virus, but it may also be spread by touching infected objects and then touching your nose or mouth. Novel H1N1 infection has been reported to cause a wide range of flu-like symptoms, including fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. In addition, many people also have reported nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea.

The first novel H1N1 patient in the United States was confirmed by laboratory testing at CDC on April 15, 2009. The second patient was confirmed on April 17, 2009. It was quickly determined that the virus was spreading from person-to-person. On April 22, CDC activated its Emergency Operations Center to better coordinate the public health response. On April 26, 2009, the United States Government declared a public health emergency and has been actively and aggressively implementing the nation’s pandemic response plan

By June 19, 2009, all 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have reported novel H1N1 infection. While nationwide U.S. influenza surveillance systems indicate that overall influenza activity is decreasing in the country at this time, novel H1N1 outbreaks are ongoing in parts of the U.S., in some cases with intense activity.

CDC is continuing to watch the situation carefully, to support the public health response and to gather information about this virus and its characteristics. The Southern Hemisphere is just beginning its influenza season and the experience there may provide valuable clues about what may occur in the Northern Hemisphere this fall and winter.

What to Do If You Get Flu-Like Symptoms


The novel H1N1 flu virus is causing illness in infected persons in the United States and countries around the world. CDC expects that illnesses may continue for some time. As a result, you or people around you may become ill. If so, you need to recognize the symptoms and know what to do.


Photo of woman with fluThe symptoms of novel H1N1 flu virus in people are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. A significant number of people who have been infected with novel H1N1 flu virus also have reported diarrhea and vomiting.  The high risk groups for novel H1N1 flu are not known at this time, but it’s possible that they may be the same as for seasonal influenza. People at higher risk of serious complications from seasonal flu include people age 65 years and older, children younger than 5 years old, pregnant women, people of any age with chronic medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), and people who are immunosuppressed (e.g., taking immunosuppressive medications, infected with HIV).

Avoid Contact With Others

If you are sick, you may be ill for a week or longer. You should stay home and keep away from others as much as possible, including avoiding travel and not going to work or school, for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of fever-reducing medicine.)  If you leave the house to seek medical care, wear a facemask, if available and tolerable, and cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue. In general, you should avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness, especially people at increased risk of severe illness from influenza. With seasonal flu, people may be contagious from one day before they develop symptoms to up to 7 days after they get sick. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.  People infected with the novel H1N1 are likely to have similar patterns of infectiousness as with seasonal flu.

Treatment is Available for Those Who Are Seriously III

It is expected that most people will recover without needing medical care.

If you have severe illness or you are at high risk for flu complications, contact your health care provider or seek medical care. Your health care provider will Photo of sick childdetermine whether flu testing or treatment is needed. Be aware that if the flu becomes widespread, less testing will be needed, so your health care provider may decide not to test for the flu virus.

Antiviral drugs can be given to treat those who become severely ill with influenza. These antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) with activity against influenza viruses, including novel H1N1 flu virus. These medications must be prescribed by a health care professional.

There are two influenza antiviral medications that are recommended for use against novel H1N1 flu. The drugs that are used for treating novel H1N1 flu are called oseltamivir (trade name Tamiflu ®) and zanamivir (Relenza ®). As the novel H1N1 flu spreads, these antiviral drugs may become in short supply. Therefore, the drugs may be given first to those people who have been hospitalized or are at high risk of severe illness from flu. The drugs work best if given within 2 days of becoming ill, but may be given later if illness is severe or for those at a high risk for complications.

Aspirin or aspirin-containing products (e.g., bismuth subsalicylate – Pepto Bismol) should not be administered to any confirmed or suspected ill case of novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection aged 18 years old and younger due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome. For relief of fever, other anti-pyretic medications are recommended such as acetaminophen or non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For more information about Reye’s syndrome, visit the National Institute of Health websiteExternal Web Site Policy..

  • Check ingredient labels on over-the-counter cold and flu medications to see if they contain aspirin.
  • Children 5 years of age and older and teenagers with the flu can take medicines without aspirin, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) and ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®, Nuprin®), to relieve symptoms.
  • Children younger than 4 years of age should NOT be given over-the-counter cold medications without first speaking with a health care provider.

Emergency Warning Signs

If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care.

In children, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish or gray skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

Protect Yourself, Your Family, and Community

  • Photo of familyStay informed. Health officials will provide additional information as it becomes available. Visit the CDC H1N1 Flu website.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners* are also effective.

Interim Guidance for Novel H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu): Taking Care of a Sick Person in Your Home

This document has been updated in accordance with the CDC Recommendations for the Amount of Time Persons with Influenza-Like Illness Should be Away from Others . This document provides interim guidance and will be updated as needed.

Novel H1N1 flu virus infection (formerly known as swine flu) can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with novel H1N1 flu. Like seasonal flu, novel H1N1 flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to severe. Severe disease with pneumonia, respiratory failure and even death is possible with novel H1N1 flu infection. Certain groups might be more likely to develop a severe illness from novel H1N1 flu infection, such as pregnant women and persons with chronic medical conditions. Sometimes bacterial infections may occur at the same time as or after infection with influenza viruses and lead to pneumonias, ear infections, or sinus infections.

The following information can help you provide safer care at home for sick persons during a flu outbreak or flu pandemic.

How Flu Spreads

Photo of sick child with motherThe main way that influenza viruses are thought to spread is from person to person in respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes. This can happen when droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person are propelled through the air and deposited on the mouth or nose of people nearby. Influenza viruses may also be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets on another person or an object and then touches their own mouth or nose (or someone else’s mouth or nose) before washing their hands.

People with novel H1N1 flu who are cared for at home should:

  • check with their health care provider about any special care they might need if they are pregnant or have a health condition such as diabetes, heart disease, asthma, or emphysema
  • check with their health care provider about whether they should take antiviral medications
  • keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. Do not go to work or school while ill
  • stay home for at least 24 hours after fever is gone, except to seek medical care or for other necessities. (Fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.)
  • get plenty of rest
  • drink clear fluids (such as water, broth, sports drinks, electrolyte beverages for infants) to keep from being dehydrated
  • cover coughs and sneezes. Clean hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub often and especially after using tissues and after coughing or sneezing into hands
  • wear a facemask – if available and tolerable – when sharing common spaces with other household members to help prevent spreading the virus to others. This is especially important if other household members are at high risk for complications from influenza.  For more information, see the Interim Recommendations for Facemask and Respirator Use
  • be watchful for emergency warning signs (see below) that might indicate you need to seek medical attention.

Symptoms of Swine Flu – Swine Flu India

Symptoms In children, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

· Fast breathing or trouble breathing
· Bluish or gray skin color
· Not drinking enough fluids
· Severe or persistent vomiting
· Not waking up or not interacting
· Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
· Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:

· Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
· Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
· Sudden dizziness
· Confusion
· Severe or persistent vomiting
· Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough